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Prevalence of Medication Treatment for Attention Deficit–Hyperactivity Disorder Among Elementary Sch


Objectives. This study estimated the prevalence of medication treatment for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among elementary school children in North Carolina county

Methods. Parents of 7333 children in grades 1 through 5 in 17 public elementary schools were asked whether their child had ever been given a diagnosis of ADHD by a psychologist or physician and whether their child was currently taking medication to treat ADHD.Parents of 6099 children (83%) responded.

Results. By parental report, 607 children (10%) had been given an ADHD diagnosis and 434 (7%) were receiving ADHD medication treatment.Seventy-one % of the diagnosed children were receiving medication.Treatment rates varied by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade.

Conclusions. If treatment patterns observed in this study are representative, the public health impact of ADHD may be underestimated.

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